霍华德·齐默尔曼

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霍华德·齐默尔曼
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出生Howard Elliot Zimmerman
(1926-07-05)1926年7月5日
美國紐約州纽约市[1]
逝世2012年2月12日(2012-02-12)(85歲)
美國威斯康辛州麦迪逊[2]
国籍 美國
别名Z
母校耶鲁大学
职业威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校化学教授
网站chem.wisc.edu

霍华德·艾略特·齐默尔曼(英語:Howard Elliot Zimmerman,1926年7月5日-2012年2月12日),化学家,威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校化学教授。[3]他于1980年入选为美国国家科学院院士[4],并于1986年荣获美国化学家协会(AIC)英语American Institute of Chemists化学先驱奖英语Chemical Pioneer Award[5][6]

生平[编辑]

霍华德·齐默尔曼是土生土长的康乃狄克州人。[7]第二次世界大战期间,他作为一名坦克炮手,服役于欧洲战场的美军装甲军团英语I Armored Corps (United States)。他最终以技术中士英语Technical sergeant军衔退役。[8]1950年,他获得了耶鲁大学化学理学学士学位,并在1953年取得了该校的哲学博士学位。[8]1953年至1954年,他作为美国国家科学研究委员会博士后奖学金研究员,与伍德沃德哈佛大学)共事。[8]1954年至1960年,他以助理教授职位供职于西北大学[8]1960年后,他调职威斯康星大学副教授,不久升任为正教授。1990年,他获得了威斯康星大学希尔代尔物理科学奖。1991年,获得美国化学会亚瑟·科普学者奖。[8]他一生共发表了超过285篇论文(11章),并曾在英語中文维基百科德語維基百科以「Hezimmerman英语User:Hezimmerman」身份参与创作。

齐默尔曼曾为美国化学会(ACS)开设了关于有机量子化学分子轨道理论的短期课程,他曾撰写了教科书《有机化学家的量子化学》(1975,Quantunm Mechanics for Organic Chemists)。[9]他也是1972年IUPAC光化学座谈会(巴登-巴登)和五次环太平洋化学座谈会(最后一次为2010年)的组织者之一。

荣誉[编辑]

注释[编辑]

  1. ^ 授予1950年耶鲁大学顶级理学学士毕业生

相关链接[编辑]

部分著作[编辑]

  • "The Stereochemistry of the Ketonization Reaction of Enols," Zimmerman, H. E. J. Org. Chem., 1955, 20, 549-557. ISSN 0022-3263
  • "The Stereochemistry of the Ivanov and Reformatsky Reactions. I," Zimmerman, H. E.; Traxler, M. D. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79, 1920-1923. ISSN 0002-7863
  • "The Photochemical Rearrangement of 4,4-Diphenylcyclohexadienone. Paper I on a General Theory of Photochemical Reactions," Zimmerman, H. E.; Schuster, D. I. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1961, 83, 4486-4487. ISSN 0002-7863
  • "On Molecular Orbital Correlation Diagrams, the Occurrence of Möbius Systems in Cyclization Reactions, and Factors Controlling Ground and Excited State Reactions. I," Zimmerman, H. E. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1966, 88, 1564-1565. ISSN 0002-7863
  • "Photochemical Migratory Aptitudes in Cyclohexenones. Mechanistic and Exploratory Organic Photochemistry. XXIII," Zimmerman, H. E.; Rieke, R. D.; Scheffer, J. R. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1967, 89, 2033-2047. ISSN 0002-7863
  • "The Di-π-Methane Rearrangement. Interaction of Electronically Excited Vinyl Chromophores. Zimmerman, H. E.; Mariano, P. S. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1969, 91, 1718-1727. ISSN 0002-7863
  • "The Barrelene to Semibullvalene Transformation. Correlation of Excited State Potential Energy Surfaces With Reactivity. Mechanistic and Exploratory Organic Photochemistry. XLIV," Zimmerman, H. E.; Binkley, R. W.; Givens, R. S.; Sherwin, M. A.; Grunewald, G. L.; J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1969, 91, 3316-3323. ISSN 0002-7863 .
  • "The Möbius-Hückel Concept in Organic Chemistry. Application to Organic Molecules and Reactions," Zimmerman, H. E. Acc. Chem. Res., 1971, 4, 272-280. ISSN 0001-4842
  • "Quantum Mechanics for Organic Chemists," Zimmerman, H. E. Academic Press, New York, 1975. ISBN 0-12-781650-X
  • "Some Theoretical Aspects of Organic Photochemistry," Zimmerman, H. E. Accts. of Chem. Research, 1982, 10, 312-317. ISSN 0001-4842
  • "Kinetic Protonation of Enols, Enolates and Analogs; The Stereochemistry of Ketonization," Zimmerman, H. E.. Accounts of Chem. Res.', 1987, 20, 263-268. ISSN 0001-4842
  • "Regioselectivity of the Birch Reduction", Zimmerman, H. E.; Wang, P. A., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1993, 115, 2205-2216. ISSN 0002-7863
  • "The Meta Effect in Organic Photochemistry; Mechanistic and Exploratory Organic Photochemistry", Zimmerman, H. E., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1995, 117, 8988-8991. ISSN 0002-7863
  • "Synthetic Aspects of the Di-π-methane Rearrangement", Zimmerman, H. E.; Armesto, D. Chem. Revs, 1996, 96, 3065-3112. ISSN 0009-2665
  • "Energy Distribution and Redistribution and Chemical Reactivity. The Generalized Delta Overlap-Density Method for Ground State and Electron Transfer Reactions; A new Quantitative Counterpart of Electron Pushing”, Zimmerman, H. E.; Alabugin, I. V. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 121, 2265-2270 ISSN 0002-7863
  • “Inter and Intramolecular Stereoselective Protonation of Enols”, Zimmerman, H. E.; Wang, P., J. Org. Chem. 2002, 69, 9216-9226. ISSN 0022-3263
  • "Triplet Photochemistry of Vinyl Cyclopropenes; Mechanistic and Exploratory Organic Photochemistry", Zimmerman, H. E., J Org. Chem. 2009, 73, 1247-1251. ISSN 0022-3263.

参考[编辑]

  1. ^ Obituaries: Zimmerman, Howard E.. Madison.com. February 19, 2012 [22 February 2012]. (原始内容存档于28 January 2013). 
  2. ^ Tenenbaum, David. Howard Zimmerman, pioneer in organic chemistry, dies at 85. University of Wisconsin–Madison News (University of Wisconsin–Madison). [22 February 2012]. (原始内容存档于24 February 2012). 
  3. ^ Faculty Info. University of Wisconsin. [2010-04-05]. (原始内容存档于2012-08-18). 
  4. ^ National Academy of Sciences. [2010-04-05]. (原始内容存档于2011-06-22). 
  5. ^ Chemical Pioneer Award. American Institute of Chemists. [2010-04-05]. (原始内容存档于2004-01-17). 
  6. ^ Schuster, D. I. (2012), Howard E. Zimmerman (1926–2012). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 51: 5286–5288. doi:10.1002/anie.201202970
  7. ^ EPA Newsletter (PDF). European Phocochemistry Association. December 2006 [2010-04-07]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2011-07-20). 
  8. ^ 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 IAPS Newsletter (PDF) 28. Inter American Photochemical Society. 2006 [2010-04-07]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2011-07-26). 
  9. ^ Zimmerman, Howard E. Quantum mechanics for organic chemists. New York: Academic Press. 1975. ISBN 978-0-12-781650-0. OCLC 1104091. 
  10. ^ Prizes for High Scholarship or Character. Yale University. [2010-04-08]. (原始内容存档于2010-05-29). 
  11. ^ James Flack Norris Award in Physical Organic Chemistry. American Chemical Society. [2010-04-08]. (原始内容存档于2012-02-24). 
  12. ^ 12.0 12.1 Awards by Topic, American Chemical Society, [2010-04-08], (原始内容存档于2012-03-09) 
  13. ^ Anthony Trozzolo, Pat Green, 编, A transient lifetime in photochemistry (PDF), The Spectrum, 2006, 19 (3) [2010-04-08], ISSN 1044-5536, (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2010-03-07) 
  14. ^ 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Awards, UW Madison - Department of Chemistry, [2010-04-08], (原始内容存档于2010-03-10)